Ecumenical Councils of the Orthodox Church

The “Great” or “Ecumenical” Councils, accepted by both East and West, and adopted by a large part of Christendom inasmuch as they defined and defended the fundamental doctrines of the Christian Church, were held either in or near the city of Constantinople.

I. Nicaea 325

Main Teaching: formulated the first part of the Symbol of Faith, known as the “Nicaean Creed,” defining the divinity of the Son of God

II. Constantinople 381

Main Teaching: formulated the second part of the Symbol of Faith, defining the divinity of the Holy Spirit. The “Nicaean-Constantinopolitan Creed” remains unchanged in the Orthodox Church since the fourth century. It is recited at every baptism and repeated during each Divine Liturgy

III. Ephesus 431

Main Teaching: proclaimed Jesus Christ as the Incarnate Word of God and Mary as the Theotokos

IV. Chalcedon 451

Main Teaching: proclaimed Jesus Christ as fully divine and fully human, two natures in one person

V. Constantinople 553

Main Teaching: confirmed the doctrines of the Holy Trinity and the person of Jesus Christ

VI. Constantinople 680–681

Main Teaching: affirmed the full humanity of Jesus Christ by insisting on the reality of His human will

Penthekti (or Quinisext) 692

Main Teaching: completed the doctrinal teaching of the fifth and sixth Ecumenical Councils

VII. Nicaea 787

Main Teaching: affirmed the use of icons as genuine expressions of the Christian faith in the doctrine of the divine Incarnation

 

 

 

 

News

Featured Items

60 Minutes: His All Holiness on Orthodox Christianity

Watch the historic interview with CBS correspondent Bob Simon now »    Learn More »

The Holy Theological School of Halki

Learn the history of the Theological School of Halki since its establishment in 1844.    Learn More »

 

Media Links

YouTubeYouTube: Subscribe to the GreenPatriarch channel (on the Environmental Symposia) or the Ecumenical Patriarchate channel (on the US visit).

 
 

Latest News

Message By His All-Holiness to the Devout Ukrainian People on the occasion of the Triumphal Entry of our Lord Jesus Christ into the Holy City of Jerusalem

Saturday, April 12, 2014

The Holy Mother and Great Church of Christ of Constantinople regards the Ukrainian nation and people as Her precious sons and daughters, born from the baptismal waters that flowed through the banks of the Dnepr River. From the days of our brilliant predecessor, Saint Photios the Great, the love of the Mother Church for the pious Christians of your lands has never abated. Read more...

View More News »

Home » Ecumenical Patriarchate » Ecumenical Councils of the Orthodox Church